Inequities in the Romanian Society of Today


  • Melentina Toma “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University, Iaşi, Romania



social inequalities, transition, education, ethics


The study encompasses a brief analysis of the main types of social inequalities manifested during the transition period of the Romanian society towards democracy and a competitive economy, the causes of these social differences and the possible remedies.
We consider social inequalities the differences of coexistence, between individuals, both objective and subjective, which have their roots, mainly, in the presence or absence of state intervention on the side of the common good, in correlation with the individual one. Even if these differences are manifested on an economic level, or a cognitive, legal, educational, axiological or social-human one, these are all essentially social inequalities, because they represent differences in the coexistence of man as a social being, in a regulated collectivity.
The differences in social coexistence thus reflect the deficiencies of institutional regulation, at a macro-social level, deficiencies of political management at national level, doubled by deficiencies in the continuity of moral regulations, the absence of ethics. To these are added deficiencies in individual behaviors, generated by their attitudes, beliefs, worldviews, types of actions. The causes of all social dysfunctions have their source in the quality of education of said society. A society based on ethics and the protection of the human being and life is inconceivable outside a thorough education.