Political culture, social polarization and electoral behavior. The last decade in Romanian political system

Authors

  • Silviu Petru Grecu Associate Professor, Faculty of Philosophy and Social-Political Sciences University “Al.I.Cuza”, Iaşi, Romania

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35478/jime.2021.4.04

Keywords:

political culture, political polarization, electoral behavior, deliberative democracy, on-line media

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to emphasize the role played by the political polarization and cultural variables in predicting “political apathy” or “alienation”. In this context, the study has the main research objectives: 1. to analyze the evolution of the electoral behavior in the last decade; 2. to determine the relation between electoral behavior and cultural patterns; 3. to estimate the magnitude of the relation between political polarization, political culture and the evolution of the on-line media. The research unit is represented by the Romanian political system in a long-term statistical series among 2010-2020. Empirical findings suggest that there is a degradation of the electoral participation in the last decade, with very high level of volatile rates. Moreover, this model of political behavior is related to historical past, cultural variables and geographical distribution. In this meaning, one of the most important variable for understanding the subject culture and political alienation is represented by the political polarization. Mathematical models estimate through a multi-linear equation of regression that political polarization affects negatively the evolution of the cultural variables and participative behavior (β=−0.690,p=0.029).

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Published

2022-01-16

Issue

Section

Articles